HU: Január 27-én - az auschwitz-birkenaui haláltábor 1945-ös felszabadulásának évfordulóján - az UNESCO a holokauszt áldozataira emlékezik. Az idei megemlékezések mottója "Bátorság a törődéshez: menekítés a holokauszt idején", azokra bátorságára és áldozatára is felhívva a figyelmet, akik - a közömbös többséggel ellentétben - mentették és óvták embertársaikat.
Az UNESCO a holokauszt nemzetközi emléknapjával foglalkozó oldalaelérhető ITT, Irina Bokova, az UNESCO főigazgatójának ez alkalomból írt üzenete pedig alább olvasható.
EN: Every year around 27 January, UNESCO pays tribute to the memory of the victims of the Holocaust. This date marks the anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi German Concentration and Extermination Camp of Auschwitz-Birkenau by the Soviet troops in 1945. In 2013, the theme chosen by the United Nations for this International Day is “The Courage to Care: Rescue during the Holocaust”. It highlights the exceptional actions of individuals or groups who contributed to save Jews from the grasp of Nazi Germany. In contrast to an indifferent majority, they refused to stand by while innocents were being murdered and they took action despite tremendous danger. These stories of rescue are rare but provide strong evidence that action is always possible in the face of injustice and gross violations of human rights.
Message from Irina Bokova, Director-General of UNESCO is available below, for more information please visit UNESCO's website for the International Holocaust Remembrance Day.
Message from Ms Irina Bokova, Director-General of UNESCO, on the occasion of International Day of Commemoration in Memory of the Victims of the Holocaust
27 January 2013
On the anniversary of the liberation of the concentration and extermination camp of
Auschwitz-Birkenau, UNESCO reaffirms the urgent need to teach the history of the
genocide of the Jews and Nazi crimes. This commitment is guided by the conviction
that remembering the fallen can guide the living on the path to peace. On this day,
we acknowledge the survivors and their efforts to pass on their experience and to
revive the heritage of Jewish communities after the Second World War. Their
testimony reminds us that humanity, which we now know is capable of the worst, is
also a force of life and solidarity.
The 2013 International Day of Commemoration in Memory of the Victims of the
Holocaust focuses on the theme of rescue. Let us recall that many of those who
survived managed to do so because they were helped. They were hidden, warned
of a raid, protected by a helping hand or by the silence of those who did not
denounce them. They were supported by organized groups of both Jews and nonJews as well as by individuals. In two countries in particular, Bulgaria and Denmark,
whole sections of society mobilized to prevent deportation. Wherever evil struck,
the righteous stood up, even at the risk of their own lives, against the violence of
killers and the indifference of many others.
These men and women carry a vital message – it is always possible to act against
racism, anti-Semitism and intolerance. We must convey this message of resistance
and this lesson in humanity, in all its strength and complexity, against the
temptation to forget or to take misleading shortcuts due to the passage of time.
Celebrating their bravery means remembering also that it was unfortunately not the
rule, but the exception. Six million people from all backgrounds and circumstances
were killed in the Holocaust because they were Jewish. The Nazis and their
collaborators also persecuted and killed the Roma and Sinti, people with
disabilities, political dissidents and homosexuals, among others, in the name of a
criminal ideology of inequality among people.
The importance of this moral collapse is universal. We must reflect on its causes
and consequences in order to build, through better knowledge of the past, the
conditions for lasting peace. This is all the more urgent as the last eyewitnesses are
passing away. We must work over the long-term, beyond commemorations, through
education, teacher training and the dissemination of content adapted to every
media and every audience. UNESCO supports this cause and pays tribute to the
victims in order to lay the ground for a better future and to prevent further genocide
and mass violence. This is the goal of the conference held on 28 January,
organized by UNESCO in cooperation with the United Nations Office of the Special
Adviser on the Prevention of Genocide.
In the face of the extreme violence shaking the world, the resurgence of racism and
anti-Semitism in all forms and the rise of discourse seeking to deny or relativize the
distinct reality of the genocide of the Jewish people, our resolve is stronger than
ever. It is notable that fifteen African countries have just committed, alongside
UNESCO, to strengthen the teaching of the Holocaust in their curricula. This is a
historic step for shaping a common memory of humanity around shared values.
Today, I call on all Member States to intensify efforts in this mission, in the name of
respect and human dignity.